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Mass 3rd Infantry -
History of the 9 month term

This information is taken (verbatim) from the US Army Military History Research Collection: Massachusetts In The War 1861-1865 by James Lorenzo Bowen, printed 1893


The call for nine-months' troops in the summer of 1862 was met in part by the volunteering of the militia regiments of the state, among which the Third promptly offered its services. It was ordered to Camp Joe Hooker at Lakeville, where its ranks were filled to the required standard, though the regiment of ten companies and 1,000 men thus organized bore but little resemblance in its make-up to the one of the same name which responded to the first call. The companies began to gather at the rendezvous September 16; they were all present on the 22d; eight companies were mustered the day following and the remainder on the 26th. Orders were received on the 8th of October to prepare for departure to North Carolina, but it was some days before the men were supplied with overcoats. The field and staff were principally mustered on the 15th, the roster following: Note: roster information can be found on company pages.

USS Merrimack
The command embarked on the steamers Merrimack and Mississippi on the 22d of October, and sailed that evening, reaching Beaufort [North Carolina, SE of Newbern] on the 26th, where they debarked and proceeded at once by rail to Newbern [North Carolina], going into camp on the banks of the Neuse a mile from the city. Three days later the regiment was equipped and armed with the Austrian rifled musket - a very poor wepaon.

Two companies were soon after detached for duty at Newport Barracks, where they remained for more than a month and a picket station at Creek No. 1 was maintained for three months by details of some 30 men from the Third. A month later Company I went to Plymouth, N.C., where it remained on garrison duty for over five months, during which time it was engaged in the first of December 10, losing one man killed, several wounded and 14 taken prisoners.

North Carolina, where the 3rd spent most of its active time

The regiment was assigned to Colonel Horace C. Lee's Brigade, the other regiments being the Fitfth, Twenty-fifth, Twenty-seventh and Forty-sixth Massachustets. An attack of the Confederates on the pickets at Deep Gully on the 11th of November called the Third to arms, and they stood during the night in momentary anticipation of marching orders, which did not come. That first expedition in which the command took part was that toward Goldsboro, starting on the 11th of December, and occupying 11 days. The regiment had a share in the actions at Kinston and Whitehall, though not actively engaged, and at Goldsboro on the 17th assisted in tearing up the railroad track under fire from the enemy, and later, as the main force was retiring, supported the artillery during the repulse of the Confederate attack. Though much exposed during the day the regiment escaped with a loss of but six wounded.

Newburn, SC
Toward the close of December the Third were assigned to General Heckman's Brigade of Naglee's Division, Eighteenth Corps, but at an inspection held soon after their muskets were condemned. As they could not be replaced at that time, the regiment was unable to participate in the expedition to South Carolina of which the brigade formed part. It was accordingly detached and assigned to Colonel Jourdan's Brigade, with which it remained till the close of its term. On the 26th of January, 1863, the regiment moved to Camp Jourdan, near Fort Totten, -a very unfavorable locality; but as it was an imporant point in the defenses of Newbern the regiment by great exertion created a pleasant and healthful camp.

The next active service of the Third was on the 6th of March, when with the division commanded by General Prince it went on a five-days' expedition into Jones and Onslow counties, during which the regiment won official thanks for the faithful discharge of its duties. On the 14th an attack by the Confederates on the outposts at Deep Gully called the Third to arms and they marched out four miles, when demonstrations against Newbern itself caused their return to camp, where they remained under arms till afternoon of the next day. They then joined Prince's Division on a reconnaissance to Pollocksville, returning at evening of the 16th. With the beginning of April large daily details were made for work on the intrenchments, 150 men being furnished when the regiment was in camp, and this labor continued while they remained in North Carolina.
General Prince and Staff

Orders were received on the 5th of April to embark for the relief of Little Washington, NC, then besieged by a Confederate force, but it was not till evening of the 7th that the regiment was transported across the Neuse and next day joined a column under General Spinola intended for an overland diversion in favor of the garrison. A rapid march was made to Blount's Creek, where the enemy were found in some force, a skirmish ensued, and General Spinola's command retraced its steps, reaching Newbern on the evneing of the 10th. A more efficient movement was made six days later, when the regiment marched to Core Creek, remaining in the vicinity six days and having some slight skirmishes with the enemy, the result of the movement being to cause a raising of the siege of Washington. In consequence of a disaster to the Fifty-Eighth (Correction to original text given by JDiRisio@sbu.edu) Pennsylvania, in which its colonel, Jones, was killed, the Third were ordered in the evening of the 23d to march to the vicinity of Batchelder's Creek, which was done, the command lying in line of battle during the night; but it was found next morning that the enemy had retreated and the regiment returned to Newbern, the march being very severe on account of heat and dust.

No further expeditions of importance were undertaken, and after a period of picket duty the Third were ordered home to Massachusetts, their time having expired. Taking transports on the 11th of June, they reached Boston on the 16th, and after a very flattering reception took cars for Camp Joe Hooker; but before reaching it the men were furloughed with orders to report on the 22d. They did so, and after remaining in camp four days were mustered out on the 26th by Captain J. K. Lawrence of the regular army.

Taken from civil war summary site

Organized at Lakeville September, 1862. Moved to Boston October 22, thence embarked on Steamers "Merrimac" and "Mississippi" for New Berne, N. C., arriving there October 26. Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of North Carolina, to December, 1862. Heckman's Brigade, Dept. of North Carolina, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 5th Division, 18th Army Corps, Dept. of North Carolina, to April, 1863. Jourdan's Independent Brigade, Defences of Newberne, Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1863.

SERVICE.--Duty at New Berne. N. C., until December, 1862. (Co. "I" detached at Plymouth and Elizabeth City November 30, 1862, to April, 1863.) Action at Plymouth December 10, 1862 (Co. "I"). Foster's Expedition to Goldsboro December 11-22. Action at Kinston December 14. Whitehall December 16. Goldsboro December 17. Duty at New Berne until June, 1863. Expedition to Trenton, Pollocksville, Young's Cross Roads and Swansborough March 6-10. Reconnoissance to Pollocksville March 15-16. Expedition to relief of Little Washington April 7-10. Expedition toward Kinston April 16-21 and to Batchelor's Creek May 23-24. Moved to Boston June 11-16. Mustered out June 26, 1863.

Regiment lost 1 Enlisted man killed and 17 Enlisted men by disease. Total 18.

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