The Philosophy of the Greeks
Philosophy is in essence a wondering of "why we are here" and "what is our purpose". Mankind has wondered that since he became able to think and talk. However, we tend to pinpoint the origin of "real" philosophic debates with the Greek culture.
Where previous cultures had to struggle to worry about basic necessities like food and self preservation, the Greek culture built up a giant network of trade which let them share ideas and books with many different cultures. Their colleges and libraries were world famous. They developed systems of mathematics and physics far beyond most of their contemporaries, and delved into knowledge for the sheer joy of it.
In addition to the wealth, Greece also had democracy. Rather than being ruled without question by a king, the Greeks had a love for debate, for a discussion of ideas. This meant that discussions about ethics, morals and other philosophical issues were much enjoyed. Parties would be thrown where groups of people would get together to talk about the issue of the day.
Three of the most famous names in Greek philosophy were Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. Aristotle is considered the father of metaphysics. As a note, Aristotle left behind many books after his death, on many subjects. When the books were being named, they were given names to describe their topics. After they finished working on the Physics book, they hit a "strange" book covering general thoughts. Not having a better name to give it, they just called it "After Physics" - or "MetaPhysics".
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