It has long been known that smoking affects the growing fetus and newborn infant. Research also shows that smoking affects your chance of getting pregnant.
First, male smokers have a lower sperm count than normal, and a high percentage of the sperm they do have are subject to abnormalities. This means that it is harder for the woman to get pregnant in the first place, and if she does get pregnant, the chance of a miscarriage is higher than normal.
Smokers who quit smoking found that their rates returned to normal within a year or so, so these changes are not permanent.
A woman who smokes or inhales secondhand smoke will have trouble getting pregnant and maintaining the pregnancy even if her partner does not smoke. Her body is not as prepared for carrying a child to term as a non-smoker's body is.
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