The Parthenon - Art History

The Parthenon was built as a temple to Athena, goddess of Wisdom, around 430BC. It's located in Athens, Greece and was designed by Ictinus and Callicrates. It's considered by many to be the finest building ever created in Greece, and is world famous.

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Over the years, the building has also served as a Christian church, a Mosque, and even a storage location for weapons.

The building sits on a raised floor that is three steps high, and has 8 Doric columns on each short end and 17 on each longer end. Doric columns are the simplest style of column, and are just a straight column that does not get wider or thinner along its length. It often had flutes carved into it - thin lines that ran top to bottom down the column.

A giant statue of Athena used to sit inside the Parthenon, but this was destroyed before modern times. There is also a sculptured frieze (raised decorative horizontal band built into a wall) that tells the story of Athena. Some of this frieze was removed and taken to the British Museum.


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