Lost Colony of Roanoke
Roanoke Island is found off the coast of North Carolina. It's only 10 miles from shore, and is part of the Outer Banks chain of islands. The English discovered the island in the late 1500s, and in 1584 Queen Elizabeth issued a charter to her pal Sir Walter Raleigh. Raleigh didn't actually go on the "Three hour tours" - he just sent the boats out to stake his claim.
Boats went out to Roanoke Island twice between 1584 and 1586. These were scouting missions to explore the island and surrounding area. The sailors met up with the friendly Indian tribe of the Croatoan who were quite helpful. When the second ship is preparing to head back home, they left about 100 men behind to hold down the island and get the settlement going. Unfortunately things went poorly. A passing ship is flagged down, and most of the men hop on to go back to England. Fifteen brave souls remain behind to keep the island protected.
A third ship is sent out with about 120 people, led by John White. This group is full of colonists including women and children. They land on the island in 1587. The 15 men who were left behind before are now gone and the place is abandoned. They set up shop anyway. The Croatoan indians come along and warn the new colonists that enemy Indians had attacked the other men and killed them. Somehow a misunderstanding happens and John White think they're going to attack the enemy tribe but instead attack the Croatoans. Understandably upset, the Croatoans decide to stop playing nice-nice with these barbarians and withdraw. The settlers promptly start to starve. After being on land for only 37 days, they send John White the troublemaker off to England to get them some more food. About 116 people remain behind.
War breaks out between England and Spain, so John White can't return for a while. When he gets around to sailing back to the island in 1590, the colony is deserted again. The word "Croatoan" is carved in various spots, and no "distress signals" were left. It seems the colonists, having gotten rid of their trouble-making ruler, promptly made friends again with the Croatoans and went to the mainland where it was much nicer. John's shipmates don't even want to look for the colonists and drag him back to England.
To his credit John does indeed try to get people to go figure out what happened to the colonists, but nobody cares very much. Twenty years later when Jamestown is founded, they do try to do some inquiries, but it is of course far too late by then.
Many Lumbee indians believe that the Roanoke colonists did indeed simply join up with the Croatoans and live with them forever after. Subsequent discussions of the indians say that they often had an English look to them, that they spoke English fluently, and lived in English style houses. By the time they were "found" again, they were far more English than Native in their ways. Also, the family names of the Lumbee indians often are the same as the "lost" colonists!
List of the Lost Colonists:
Archard, Arnold Archard, Joyce Archard, Thomas Arthur, Richard Baily, Roger Bennett, Mark Berde, William Berry, Henry Berry, Richard Bishop, Michael Borden, John Bridger, John Bright, John Brooke, John Browne, Henry Browne, William Burdon, John Butler, Thomas Cage, Anthony Chapman, Alice Chapman, John Cheven, John Clement, William Colman, ---- Colman, Thomas Cooper, Christopher Cotsmur, John Dare, Ananias Dare, Eleanor Dare, Virginia (First English child born in America) Darige, Richard Dorrell, Henry Dutton, William Earnest, John Ellis, Robert Ellis, Thomas English, Edmund Farre, John Fernando, Simon Florrie, Charles Gibbes, John Glane, Elizabeth Gramme, Thomas Harris, Thomas (Two entries) Harvie, ---- (Born in Virginia) Harvie, Dionys Harvie, Margery Hemmington, John Hewet, Thomas Howe, George Howe, George Humfrey, Thomas Hyde, James Johnson, Henry Johnson, Nicholas Jones, Griffin Jones, Jane Jones, John Kemme, Richard Lasie, James Lawrence, Margaret Little, Peter Little, Robert Lucas, William Mannering, Jane Martyn, George Merimoth, Emma Myllet, Michael Mylton, Henry Newton, Humphrey Nichols, William Paine, Henry Pattenson, Hugh Payne, Rose Phevens, Thomas Pierce, Jane Powell, Edward Powell, Winnifred Prat, John Prat, Roger Rufoote, Henry Sampson, John (Two entries) Scot, Thomas Shabedge, Richard Smart, Thomas Smith, Thomas Sole, William Spendlove, John (Two entries) Starte, John Stevens, Thomas Stilman, John Tappan, Audry Taverner, Richard Tayler, Hugh Taylor, Clement Tomkins, Richard Topan, Thomas Tydway, John Viccars, Ambrose (Two entries) Viccars, Elizabeth Warner, Thomas Warren, Joan Waters, William White, Cutbert (Two entries) White, John Wildye, Richard Wilkinson, Robert Willes, William Wood, Agnes Wotton, Lewes Wright, John Wyles, Bryan Wyles, John Wythers, William Natives of Virginia on voyage: Manteo - Returning home from England Towaye - Returning home from England
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Cood Oxendine ~1750
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